In the Japanese culture, gardens are considered three-dimensional textbooks of Daoism and Zen Buddhism and the Japanese rock gardens were intended to be intellectual puzzles for the monks who lived next to them to study and solve. The Japanese garden is a miniature and idealized view of nature. Smaller gardens are often designed to incorporate the view of features outside the garden, such as hills, trees or temples, as part of the view. At the heart of the Japanese garden is the principle that a garden is a work of art.
The idea to create a Japanese garden in a reclaimed area or incorporated into a “normal” garden, especially in a city, came from the need to have the opportunity for a relaxed place and to do a relaxing activity.